Nabben 2011 Biochim Biophys Acta
|Nabben M, Shabalina IG, Moonen-Kornips E, van Beurden D, Cannon B, Schrauwen P, Nedergaard J, Hoeks J (2011) Uncoupled respiration, ROS production, acute lipotoxicity and oxidative damage in isolated skeletal muscle mitochondria from UCP3-ablated mice. Biochim Biophys Acta 1807:1095-105.|
Abstract: The function of uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) is still not established. Mitochondrial uncoupling, control of ROS production, protection against lipotoxicity and protection against oxidative stress are functions classically discussed. To establish a role for UCP3 in these functions, we have here used UCP3 (-/-) mice, backcrossed for 10 generations on a C57Bl/6 background. In isolated skeletal muscle mitochondria, we examined uncoupled respiration, both unstimulated and in the presence of fatty acids. We did not observe any difference between mitochondria from wildtype and UCP3 (-/-) mice. We measured H2O2 production rate and respiration rate under reactive oxygen species-generating conditions (succinate without rotenone) but found no effect of UCP3. We tested two models of acute lipotoxicity-fatty acid-induced oxidative inhibition and fatty acid-induced swelling-but did not observe any protective effect of UCP3. We examined oxidative stress by quantifying 4-hydroxynonenal protein adducts and protein carbonyls in the mitochondria-but did not observe any protective effect of UCP3. We conclude that under the experimental conditions tested here, we find no evidence for the function of UCP3 being basal or induced uncoupling, regulation of ROS production, protection against acute lipotoxicity or protection against oxidative damage.
• Keywords: UCP3, oxidative stress, ROS, skeletal muscle mitochondria, oxidative capacity, fatty acids
Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS Organism: Mouse Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle Preparation: Isolated mitochondria
Regulation: Fatty acid