Endlicher 2009 Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove)

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Endlicher R, Kriváková P, Lotkova H, Milerová M, Drahota Z, Cervinková Z (2009) Tissue specific sensitivity of mitochondrial permeability transition pore to Ca2+ ions. Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 52:69-72.

» PMID: 19777870 Open Access

Endlicher R, Krivakova P, Lotkova H, Milerova M, Drahota Z, Cervinkova Z (2009) Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove)

Abstract: Ca(2+)-induced opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) is involved in induction of apoptotic and necrotic processes. We studied sensitivity of MPTP to calcium using the model of Ca(2+)-induced, cyclosporine A-sensitive mitochondrial swelling. Presented data indicate that the extent of mitochondrial swelling (dA520/4 min) induced by addition of 25 microM Ca2+ is seven-fold higher in liver than in heart mitochondria (0.564 +/- 0.08/0.077 +/- 0.01). The extent of swelling induced by 100 microM Ca2+ was in liver tree times higher than in heart mitochondria (0.508 +/- 0.05/ 0.173 +/- 0.02). Cyclosporine A sensitivity showed that opening of the MPTP is involved. We may thus conclude that especially at low Ca2+ concentration heart mitochondria are more resistant to damaging effect of Ca2+ than liver mitochondria. These finding thus support hypothesis that there exist tissue specific strategies of cell protection against induction of the apoptotic and necrotic processes.

Keywords: Mitochondria, MPTP, Swelling, Cell death, Apoptosis, Necrosis

O2k-Network Lab: CZ Hradec Kralove Cervinkova Z


Labels: Pathology: Other  Stress:Cell death, Permeability transition  Organism: Rat  Tissue;cell: Heart, Liver  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria