Aroor 2015 Diabetes

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Aroor AR, Habibi J, Ford DA, Nistala R, Lastra G, Manrique C, Dunham MM, Ford KD, Thyfault JP, Parks EJ, Sowers JR, Rector RS (2015) Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibition ameliorates western diet-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance through hepatic lipid remodeling and modulation of hepatic mitochondrial function. Diabetes 64:1988-2001.

» PMID:25605806

Aroor AR, Habibi J, Ford DA, Nistala R, Lastra G, Manrique C, Dunham MM, Ford KD, Thyfault JP, Parks EJ, Sowers JR, Rector RS (2015) Diabetes

Abstract: Novel therapies are needed for treating the increasing prevalence of hepatic steatosis in western populations. In this regard, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have recently been reported to attenuate the development of hepatic steatosis, but the potential mechanisms remain poorly defined. In the current study, four week old C57Bl/6 mice were fed a high fat/high fructose western diet (WD) or WD containing DPP-4 inhibitor, MK0626, for 16 weeks. The DPP-4 inhibitor prevented WD-induced hepatic steatosis and reduced hepatic insulin resistance by enhancing insulin suppression of hepatic glucose output. WD-induced accumulation of hepatic triacylglycerol (TAG) and diacylglycerol (DAG) content was significantly attenuated with DPP-4 inhibitor treatment. In addition, MK0626 significantly reduced mitochondrial incomplete palmitate oxidation and increased indices of pyruvate dehydrogenase activity, TCA cycle flux, and hepatic TAG secretion. Furthermore, DPP4-inhibition rescued WD-induced decreases in hepatic PGC-1α and CPT-1 mRNA expression and hepatic Sirt1 protein content. Moreover, plasma uric acid levels in WD fed mice were decreased after MK0626 treatment. These studies suggest that DPP-4 inhibition ameliorates hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance by suppressing hepatic TAG and DAG accumulation through enhanced mitochondrial carbohydrate utilization and hepatic TAG secretion/export with concomitant reduction of uric acid production.

Keywords: Lipidomics, NAFLD, Obesity, Hepatic insulin resistance, MK-0626 (DPP-4 inhibitor)

O2k-Network Lab: US MO Columbia Rector RS


Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style, Pharmacology;toxicology  Pathology: Diabetes 

Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Liver  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria 


Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: F, N, S, NS  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 


MitoFit

MitoFit news 2015#12

  • 2015-07-16: High fat/high fructose and modulation of hepatic mitochondrial function. » MitoFit news